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Legal Evidence for the Truth of the Faith

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Christians are therefore precisely on the right track when they defend their position in terms of the weight of factual evidence for Christ's deity.

The apostle exhorts Christians to "be ready always to give an answer to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you" (1 Pet. 3:15). The word translated "answer" here is the Greek apologia, "defense," and from it comes the name of the theological discipline concerned with defending Christian truth-claims: apologetics.


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1 [ Back ] In the preceding article, Dr. Montgomery cites the following sources or cases: J. W. Montgomery, Christianity for the Toughminded (1973); J. W. Montgomery, Faith Founded on Fact (1978); Fed. R Evid. 102; on the new Rules in general, see ALI-ABA Federal Rules of Evidence Resource Materials, with October 1975 Supplement (1975); S. E. Toulmin, The Uses of Argument (1958); J. W. Montgomery, The Law Above the Law 84-90 (1975); Fed. R. Evid. 401; Prof. Thayer, Preliminary Treatise on Evidence (1898); Fed. R. Evid. 201; Caroline Products Co.
v. McLaughlin, 365 Ill. 62; V. C. Ball, "The Moment of Truth: Probability Theory and Standards of Proof," in Essays on Procedure and Evidence 84-107 (T. G. Roady and R. N. Covington ed., 1961); Fed R. Evid. 404; H. P. Chandler and S. D. Hirschl, "Evidence," 11 American Law and Procedure 21 (1910, rev. ed. 1955); Prof. Greenleaf, Testimony of the Evangelists, now reprinted in J. W. Montgomery, The Law Above the Law 91-140, 149-63 (1975); F. F. Bruce, The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? (5th ed. 1960); J. A. T. Robinson, Redating the New Testament (1977);
M. Shain, Res Ipsa Loquitur, Presumptions and Burden of Proof (1945); D. Daube, Roman Law: Linguistic, Social and Philosophical Aspects 180 (1969); J. W. Montgomery, History, Law and Christianity (2002); M. Gluckman, The Judicial Process among the Barotse of Northern Rhodesia 82 (1955); The Laws of the Ancient Persians pt. 1, 12, 26-27 (S. J. Bulsara ed., 1937); Lord Mackenzie, Studies in Roman Law, with Comparative Views of the Laws of France, England and Scotland 382 (7th ed., J. Kirkpatrick 1911);
H. F. Jolowicz, Roman Foundations of Modern Law 102 (1957); N. J. Coulson, "Islamic Law," in An Introduction to Legal Systems 67-68 (J. D. M. Derrett ed., 1968). N. J. Coulson, A History of Islamic Law 124-27 (1964); Plautus, Truculentus Act ii, sc. 6, 11, 8-9 (our translation); C. S. Lewis, God in the Dock (W. Hooper ed., 1970).


John Warwick Montgomery is distinguished professor of apologetics and law at Trinity College and Theological Seminary (Newburgh, Indiana) and provost for its U.K. and European operations. He is author of several books, including Law & Gospel.

Issue: "Does God believe in Atheists?" March/April 2006 Vol. 15 No. 2 Page number(s): 18-21

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