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Temptation In the Wilderness

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Jesus Christ is the second Adam. He lived for us. This Adam successfully made it through his probation in the wilderness and won for us the right to eat from the tree of life, which is his own flesh. By trusting in Christ, all men are co-heirs of the promise together with Israel according to the apostle Paul.

There are three wilderness experiences that are absolutely fundamental to the understanding of redemptive history. The first is the wilderness experience of Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden. Most of us are familiar with the story in Genesis 3; there is a provision in the wilderness that of all the trees in the garden "you are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die." This was a wonderful provision, for the two could eat any fruit from any tree in the garden which God had made, with the exception of one tree. But in spite of God's generous provision, the two rebelled in the wilderness. God's word was questioned. "Did God really say, 'You must not eat from any tree in the garden'?" Satan asks. Notice how Satan adds to God's prohibition of eating from the one tree to eating from "any tree" in the garden. Eve gives her own addition to the word of God in responding to the serpent, "We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, but God did say, 'You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die." Both Satan and Eve wind up making God a stricter God than he has revealed himself to be. How many times have we seen this tendency.


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Michael Horton is the J. Gresham Machen professor of apologetics and systematic theology at Westminster Seminary California (Escondido, California), host of the White Horse Inn, national radio broadcast, and editor-in-chief of Modern Reformation magazine. He is author of many books, including The Gospel-Driven Life, Christless Christianity, People and Place, Putting Amazing Back Into Grace, The Christian Faith, and For Calvinism.

Issue: "Preaching Christ" March/April 1993 Vol. 2 No. 2 Page number(s): 29-32

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